La Santa Iglesia Catedral de Sevilla or the Holy Cathedral of Seville. After Seville fell to the Christians in 1248, the mosque was used as a church until 1402. Then, the church authorities decide to knock it down and start to build a huge Cathedral. The legend says “Let´s construct a church so large that future generations will think we were mad” and they did well, today it is the largest Gothic temple in the world and the third largest Cathedral of the world.
Selected treasures from the cathedral’s art collection are exhibited in this room. It is mainly work from Seville´s 17th century artistic golden age.
Southern & Northern Chapels
The Chapels along the southern and northern sides of the cathedral hold sculptures and paintings. In the Capilla de San Antonio, you can find Murillo’s 1666 canvas depicting the vision of St. Anthony of Padua.
Inside the Puerta de los Principes stands the mausoleum with the mortal remains of Cristobal Colón (Christopher Columbus), it shows four heralds representing the kingdoms of Castile, Leon, Aragon and Navarre holding the coffin of the explorer on their shoulders. A recent DNA test seems to prove that it really is Christopher Columbus in the coffin.
In the Capilla Mayor (Main Chapel) you can find an amazing Gothic tableau which is the jewel of the cathedral and which is reckoned to be the largest altarpiece in the world. It was started by Pieter Dancart in 1942 and finished by others in 1564 and holds over 1000 polychrome wood carved biblical figures.
Sacristia de los Cálices
In the Sacristy of the Chalices you can see Francisco de Goya´s painting of the Seville martyrs, Santa Justa y Rufina (1817), hanging above the altar.
It contains Pedro de Campaña´s 1547 Desendimiento above the central altar at the southern end, and Francisco de Zurbarán´s Santa Teresa, to its right, these two are very precious paintings of the cathedral. The room center piece is the Custodia de Juan de Arfe, a 475kg silver monstrance made in the 1580s by the Renaissance metalsmith Juan de Arfe.
Also called the Sala Capitular. This beautifully domed area was built between 1558 and 1592 as a venue for meetings of the cathedral hierarchy. Above the archbishop´s throne you can find a Murillo masterpiece, La Inmaculada
The tower is 104m tall and was the minaret of a mosque, built between 1184 and 1198 at the height of Almohad power. Its dedicate brick-pattern decoration and its color which change with the light, make it one of the most beautiful Islamic buildings in Spain. The top parts of the Giralda, from the bell level were added in the 16th century. At the very top is the Giralda, a bronze weathervane representing faith, which has become a symbol of Seville, the name Giralda supplanting its original name “Victrix colosum fidei” and after it became the actual “Giraldillo” and this popular name was extended to the entire tower.
PATIO DE LOS NARANJOS
It was originally the courtyard of the mosque, planted with 66 naranjos (orange trees) and a Visigothic fountain sits in the centre. Hanging from the ceiling you can find a replica of a stuffed crocodile, the original was a gift to Alfonso X from the Sultan of Egypt.
Monday from 11:00 to 15:30 (from 16:30 to 18:00 hours free audio tour, you have to reserve in advance)
Tuesday to Saturday from 11.00 to 17:00 hours
Sunday from 14:30 to 17:00 hours
Normal rate including Giralda: 8 euros
Discount price: 4 euros